1.2. VALUATION METHOD ( kaedah penilaian unit )

Advantages  Simple technique to calculate the estimate Fast to get the estimate Without plan – set estimate Can imagine the estimate base on : facilities, total of student or patient. Suitable for construction  WHICH HAS A COMMON UNIT  – need seat, bed : school, meeting room, hospital, cinemas Disadvantages Not accurate Cannot imagine the design,[…]

2.3. BUILT UP RATE FOR EXCAVATION BY MACHINE.

BUILT UP RATE FOR EXCAVATION BY MACHINE.   Operation Type of machine Capacity/ size       (  ) Output (per hour) ) Bulk size (           ) Average output/day        (      ) Oil uses   Diesel (liter)/ hour   Hydraulic (liter)/ Hour Reduce level Tractor crawler 1.00 30-40 0.2 8.41 3.41 0.11   Excavation in basement Face[…]